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World Leaders Plan New AI Agreement    05/21 06:06

   World leaders are expected to adopt a new agreement on artificial 
intelligence when they gather virtually Tuesday to discuss AI's potential risks 
but also ways to promote its benefits and innovation.

   SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -- World leaders are expected to adopt a new 
agreement on artificial intelligence when they gather virtually Tuesday to 
discuss AI's potential risks but also ways to promote its benefits and 
innovation.

   The AI Seoul Summit is a follow-up to November's inaugural AI Safety Summit 
at Bletchley Park in the United Kingdom, where participating countries agreed 
to work together to contain the potentially "catastrophic" risks posed by 
galloping advances in AI.

   The two-day meeting -- co-hosted by the South Korean and U.K. governments -- 
also comes as major tech companies like Meta, OpenAI and Google roll out the 
latest versions of their AI models.

   On Tuesday evening, South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol and British Prime 
Minister Rishi Sunak are to meet other world leaders, industry leaders and 
heads of international organizations for a virtual conference. The online 
summit will be followed by an in-person meeting of digital ministers, experts 
and others on Wednesday, according to organizers.

   "It is just six months since world leaders met at Bletchley, but even in 
this short space of time, the landscape of AI has changed dramatically," Yoon 
and Sunak said in a joint article published in South Korea's JoongAng Ilbo 
newspaper and the U.K.'s online inews site on Monday. "The pace of change will 
only continue to accelerate, so our work must accelerate too."

   While the U.K. meeting centered on AI safety issues, the agenda for this 
week's gathering was expanded to also include "innovation and inclusivity," 
Wang Yun-jong, a deputy director of national security in South Korea, told 
reporters Monday.

   Wang said participants will subsequently "discuss not only the risks posed 
by AI but also its positive aspects and how it can contribute to humanity in a 
balanced manner."

   The AI agreement will include the outcomes of discussions on safety, 
innovation and inclusivity. according to Park Sang-wook, senior presidential 
adviser for science and technology for President Yoon.

   The leaders of the Group of Seven wealthy democracies -- the U.S., Canada, 
France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Britain -- were invited to the virtual 
summit, along with leaders of Australia and Singapore and representatives from 
the U.N., the EU, OpenAI, Google, Meta, Amazon and Samsung, according to South 
Korea's presidential office.

   China doesn't plan to participate in the virtual summit though it will send 
a representative to Wednesday's in-person meeting, the South Korean 
presidential office said. China took part in the U.K. summit.

   In their article, Yoon and Sunak said they plan to ask companies to do more 
to show how they assess and respond to risks within their organizations.

   "We know that, as with any new technology, AI brings new risks, including 
deliberate misuse from those who mean to do us harm," they said. "However, with 
new models being released almost every week, we are still learning where these 
risks may emerge, and the best ways to manage them proportionately."

   The Seoul meeting has been billed as a mini virtual summit, serving as an 
interim meeting until a full-fledged in-person edition that France has pledged 
to hold.

   Governments around the world have been scrambling to formulate regulations 
for AI even as the technology makes rapid advances and is poised to transform 
many aspects of daily life, from education and the workplace to copyrights and 
privacy. There are concerns that advances in AI could take away jobs, trick 
people and spread disinformation.

   Developers of the most powerful AI systems are also banding together to set 
their own shared approach to setting AI safety standards. Facebook parent 
company Meta Platforms and Amazon announced Monday they're joining the Frontier 
Model Forum, a group founded last year by Anthropic, Google, Microsoft and 
OpenAI.

   In March, the U.N. General Assembly approved its first resolution on the 
safe use of AI systems. Earlier in May, the U.S. and China held their first 
high-level talks on artificial intelligence in Geneva to discuss how to address 
the risks of the fast-evolving technology and set shared standards to manage it.

 
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